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], Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament. John 14:26; John 15:26. Galatians 4:6. BibliographySchaff, Philip. In Romans 8:15, we read: ‘in whom we cry.’ Here the Spirit himself appears as praying, and the believer as the organ. For this we invite you to come to Christ, and believe in him. John Eadie's Commentary on Galatians, Ephesians, Philippians and Colossians. Before you attempt to answer the questions below you should read these chapters in the Bible and answer the questions at the end of each chapter found at the website www.DoingGood.org. Compare Romans 8:15-16, and notes. . and grow in your knowledge of the Bible with videos highlighting Perhaps all the passages are to be connected with the Lord’s Prayer, of course in the form answering to that of St Luke’s narrative, in which alone the first word in Aramaic would be Abba, the Aramaic being here retained from peculiar sacredness of association (Moulton, Proleg., p. 10; cf. Galatians 2:18 note. The mission is first of the Son and then of the Spirit on the part of the Father, implying by the parallel language the personality of the Spirit. Jonah had to take a fish instead of his Corvette - how ludicrous to say that God wants us all rich! But Paul’s real emphasis was that salvation is not works oriented and that the Galatians liberty should not be used as an excuse to continue in sin. 6. It is the making of almighty God into Someone we can bond with, Someone we can relate to, and Someone that we can live with - not Someone that is high and lifted up, not Someone that is our Lord and Master, and not Someone that would be comfortable in the comforts of our wishy washy living style that is akin to the world, and not akin to the heavenlies. Others (Theophylact, Ambrose, Pelagius, Koppe, Flatt, Rückert, Schott) take ὅτι as that, and treat it as an abbreviated mode of saying: “But that ye are sons, is certain by this, that God has sent forth,” etc. “Who shall separate him from his Father’s love?” He can look on the innumerable hosts of men and devils, and boldly defy them all [Note: Romans 8:34-39.]. And because you are sons, God has sent out the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, saying, Abba, Father. Copyright StatementCopyright 2008. This is God's work and I don't want anyone to profit from it in a material way. Render then: Because moreover ye are sons (the stress on ἐστε is hardly to be urged: υἱοί ἐστε would certainly give a very strong emphasis on the noun: all we can say of ἐστε υἱοί, where so insignificant a word as a verb substantive is concerned, is that there is now no such strong stress on υἱοί, but that the whole fact, of the state of sonship having been brought in, and actually existing, is alleged) God sent forth (not, ‘hath sent forth’—see above) the Spirit of His Son (you being now fellows with that Son in the communion of the Spirit, won for you as a consequence of His atonement: called, Romans 8:15, πνεῦμα υἱοθεσίας, and ib. 1897-1910. Ah! https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/galatians-4.html. Commentary. The word Abba appears in certain legal texts of the Mishna as a designation used by grown children in claiming the inheritance of their deceased father. II. This "dada" thought is akin to the movement that says God wants us to be rich, that says God wants us to be prosperous, and that wants us to never want for anything. "Commentary on Galatians 4:6". DD. Comp. The first is our adoption into God’s family. In Christ, God becomes our Father in a sense which only a son (or daughter) can experience!!! 5 to redeem the subjects of the Law, so that we could receive adoption as sons.. 6 As you are sons, God has sent into our hearts the Spirit of his Son crying, 'Abba, Father';. The only sure evidence of being born of God, adopted into his family, and made heirs of the blessings of his kingdom, is the possession of a filial spirit towards our Father in heaven-a spirit of confidence, affection, submission, and obedience; connected with faith in Christ and a hearty reliance on him for salvation. The childlike lisp in the word Abba, and its easy labial pronunciation, may account for its origin, but not for its use here (Olshausen); nor can Dr. Gill be listened to in his dream that “the word being the same pronounced backwards or forwards, shows that God is the Father of His people in adversity as well as in prosperity.” It is a superficial explanation of the formula to allege, with Beza, Schott, Usteri, and Conybeare, that ὁ πατήρ is merely, like the Abaddon-Apollyon of Revelation 9:11, explanatory of the Aramaic Abba. Bar-abbas. Schoettgen, vol. This is not only affirmed in our text, but taken, as it were, for granted, and assumed as the ground of those further blessings which are bestowed upon us. ἡμῶν] The change of persons arose involuntarily from the apostle’s own lively, experimental consciousness of this blessedness. ", "The presence of the Spirit is thus a witness of their sonship. Wieseler takes it as equivalent to εἰς ἐκεῖνο, ὅτι (see on Mark 16:14; John 2:18; John 9:17; John 11:51; John 16:19; 1 Corinthians 1:26; 2 Corinthians 1:18; 2 Corinthians 11:10): “as concerns the reality ( ἐστέ is to have the emphasis) of your state as sons.” But this would unnecessarily introduce into the vivid and direct character of these short sentences an element of dialectic reflection, which also appears in Matthias’ view. 1. For the thought compare Colossians 1:12 note on τῷ πατρί. Abba, Father—Both the popular Hebrew and the Greek form of the name are given in undoubted symbol; we think that both Jew and Gentile are united in this blessed co-sonship with the Son. Galatians 3:11, where δῆλον follows:—(2) the context;—it is not in corroboration of the fact that we are sons, but as a consequence of that fact, that the Apostle states what follows: to shew the completeness of the state of sonship. It is that language used by Christians when they have evidence of adoption; the expression of the warm, and elevated, and glowing emotions which they have when they can approach God as their God, and address him as their Father.Crying - That is, the spirit thus cries, Πνεῦμα Pneuma - κράζον krazon). Revelation 1:8. (comp. Now this is what “a Spirit of adoption” gives to every true Christian. (And I might say, most of those same pastors set a perfect example by amassing cars and riches.). In fact, we call Him Abba, which means Father, just as Jesus used to call Him. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/galatians-4.html. It is a cry of the heart, not a word spoken calmly with personal detachment and reserve, but a word we "call" or "cry out" (krazo).... ". BibliographyConstable, Thomas. We are sons of God through faith in Christ Jesus (Galatians 3:26), and we are heirs according to the promise (Galatians 3:29). Comp. While Paul’s letters do not relate any narrative traditions about Jesus’ birth, he does speak profoundly about the meaning of the incarnation. Critics are divided. Copyright © 2019, GodTube.com. This remark applies also to Wieseler’s objection, that ἀββᾶ could only have continued to be used as an appellative. . ὁ πατήρ is not a mere Greek explanation of ἀββᾶ, but an address by His name of relation, of Him to whom the term ἀββᾶ was used more as a token of affection than as conveying its real meaning of ‘my father:’ see notes on Mark 14:36, Romans 8:15. Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. ], "The presence of the Spirit is thus a witness of their sonship." f. 53. de Cor. BibliographyEadie, John. Akin to this explanation is another that the readiness of the bilingual Palestinian Church to use both Aramaic and Greek in prayer had spread to other countries. The word, [Note: Footnote192: See Theological Dictionary of the New Testament, s.v. Father! The same thing may be true here in Paul"s case. Now, taking this view of Christianity, we must say, that it has been, and yet is, productive of incalculable good: for still, as well as in the apostolic age, God begets sons to himself by means of it; and “when they are made sons, he pours forth the Spirit of his Son into their hearts, crying, Abba, Father.”. Rather Abba had lost somewhat of its original force, and the fervour of the human speaker was not satisfied without adding the equivalent in his ordinary Greek tongue. And soon the phrase became a species of proper name, so that in heathen countries ᾿αββᾶ ὁ πατήρ passed into an authorized formula. 4:6 And because ye - Gentiles who believe, are also thus made his adult sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts likewise, crying, Abba, Father - Enabling you to call upon God both with the confidence,and the tempers, of dutiful children. (See Note on Romans 8:15.) FATHER! https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/galatians-4.html. Galatians Quiz on Chapters 4 - 6. Answer the questions below and then click "OK" to send your answers. p. 140, that ὁ πατήρ expresses exactly the same as the Aramaic אַבָּא, and that, if אבא had assumed the nature of a proper name, this name would very often have occurred in the N.T. We can call Him "Daddy." (1-5) This doctrine established from the example of Abraham. See on Romans 8:9; Romans 8:14. Christ was born a man, and born under the law, to redeem such as were under the law, that we from being servants might be adopted as sons; and that this is your position is proved by your possession of His Spirit. The Spirit is the seal of the sonship, into which they had entered through faith—the divine σημεῖον attesting and confirming it; comp. "You believing Jews and Gentiles are sons, and to show this God sent the Spirit of his Son into our hearts so that we can come to him in complete confidence, each calling him Father in our own language!" Comp. If not sons of God, ye would not be the recipients of the Spirit of His Son. Compare James 1:18. Though legally he owns the entire inheritance, he is subject to tutors and administrators until whatever date the father has set for emancipation. Proverbs 4:23). T. B. Erubin, 53b, a Galilean woman is ridiculed as saying mâri kiri (χείριος) “my lord, my servant,” though intending mâri qiri (κύριος) “my lord, my lord,” and Shemoth R., § 46, 3, in a Mashal a physician’s son addresses a mountebank (presumably a quack) as qiri, mâri, âbi, “my lord, my lord, my father,” much to his own father’s displeasure. BibliographyDerickson, Stanley. and afterwards instead of θεός; and people would not have said constantly ἀββᾶ ὁ πατήρ, but also ἀββᾶ ὁ θεός. 5 For we through the Spirit wait for the hope of righteousness by faith. With this and Galatians 4:7 cf. Summary and Analysis Galatians Summary The occasion for this letter was a controversy that developed among the churches in Galatia, and especially the one in Antioch, concerning the matter of requiring Gentile Christians to obey the Mosaic Law. For a similar case see Revelation 1:7 (ναί, ἀμήν) where the change is in the reverse order, from Greek to Hebrew, as was natural if St John was the author. Because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father. But why both terms? And so Thdrt., Thl., Ambr., Pel., Koppe, Flatt, Rückert, Schött., and Ellicott. ‘Father.’ The emphasizing combination of the familiar Hebrew with the corresponding Greek name was probably a liturgical formula among Hellenistic Jews and Christians. Boldness to spread our wants before him—, [To the Jews there were many things which, however they might desire them, they dared not ask. How earnestly should we hold fast the blessings thus accorded to us! "Commentary on Galatians 4:6". All rights reserved. Now, if we go to God in this way, he will send his Holy Spirit into our hearts as a Spirit of adoption; giving us thereby,], [The Jews dared not to draw nigh to God within the limits that were assigned them, whether on Mount Sinai, or in the temple. Footnotes. "Commentary on Galatians 4:6". Should we continue in sin in order that grace may abound? 1 Peter 1:11. "Abba" means that in Aramaic (cf. Compare Mark 14:36, and Romans 8:15. ", [Note: H. B. Swete, The Holy Spirit in the New Testament, p204. It is difficult to say whether ὅτι be demonstrative or causal-whether it mean “that”-as a proof that, or “because”-quoniam in the Vulgate and Claromontane Latin. p. 205, are different. The Hebrew says, Abba, the Greek says, Father, both, Abba, Father; comp. "E.W. 1897. κύριε ὁ κύριος ἡμῶν, Psalms 8:2), is not said, just as κύριε, κύριε, and the like. BibliographyIce, Rhoderick D. "Commentary on Galatians 4:6". And because you are sons, God has sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father. As long as the heir is a minor, he has no advantage over the slave. The relation which every true Christian bears to God—, Every Christian, from a rebel and an enemy, becomes “a son.”, In this we have the advantage of those under the law—, [The Jews, though God’s peculiar people, were not his sons, but his servants: or, if we call them his sons, (for doubtless he was a Father unto them,) still they were only as “minors, who differed very little from servants.” They were under severe and burthensome restraints: they had but a small portion of their inheritance in actual enjoyment; and they performed their duties altogether in a servile spirit [Note: ver. Nor is it more likely that the double appellation is meant to convey what the elder interpreters find in it-to wit, that it was uttered to point out the spiritual brotherhood of all men in all languages. The appeal for them to drop their legalism (Galatians 4:8-31) a. But, as regards the thought also, the interpretation is unsuitable; for they are sons, etc., not because God has sent Christ, but because they have become believers in Him that was sent (Galatians 3:26; John 1:12); it is not that fact itself, but their faith in it, which is the cause of their sonship and of their reception of the Spirit; comp. 3. The demonstrative meaning is held by the Greek fathers, who found no difficulty in the construction, by Ambrosiaster, Koppe, Flatt, Borger, Rückert, Schott, Jatho, Brown, Ellicott, and Wieseler who renders somewhat differently by quod attinet ad id, quod- εἰς ἐκεῖνο,- ὅτι. Not only is there a groaning, (Romans 8:26,) as for a deliverance, but there is a cry, as ascending from our hearts to the Father on high. If so St Paul’s mother tongue would seem to have been not Aramaic but Greek. The conjunction may, however, possibly mean “in proof that.”, Abba, Father.—A reduplication of loving entreaty. And then, as believing Jews used another tongue in foreign countries, they appear to have felt the ὁ πατήρ to be cold and distant, so that, as to the Lord in His agony, the vernacular term impressed on the ear and heart of childhood instinctively recurred. Hence Paul retains it here as in Romans 8:15. Ye are sons—As the minor does not cease to be a son upon attaining his majority. (3) The aorist ἐξαπέστειλεν is against Meyer’s view—it would be in that case ἐξαπέσταλκεν. Because.—It is, perhaps, on the whole, best to retain this translation. κύριος Κύριος ἀπἐστειλέν με καὶ τὸ πνεῦμα αὐτοῦ. the Spirit of his Son into their hearts: not that the Holy Spirit is not the Spirit of the Father, as well as of Christ; but he calleth him the Spirit of Christ, because he had made adoption the end and fruit of redemption; and redemption is every where made the work of the Son. Popular videos include worship music from your favorite Christian artists, cute videos with adorable kids and animals, Theol. we--the Jews primarily, and inclusively the Gentiles also. 7 and so you are no longer a slave, but a son; and if a son, then an heir, by God's own act. But stronger far is the Christian’s assurance of his title to heaven, and of his ultimate possession of it. [Jowett combines both interpretations: but this can hardly be.] and the other names of God), so that it would have been used at every kind of mention of God. Bible verses by topic. "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". The Spirit of His Son is a token of its adoption to every child, for it is the bond of union with Him who is “the first-born among many brethren.” That Spirit is sent into the “heart,” the central seat or organ of the inner life and power, which the Spirit of God's Son inhabits, and out of which He cries through us, Abba, Father. There is thus triune operation-Father, Son, and Spirit-in providing, securing, and enjoying this adoption. ii. The phrase conveys, in point of form, the solemn expression of the objective (Galatians 4:4) and subjective (Galatians 4:5) certainty of salvation, but, in a dogmatic point of view, the like personal relation of the Spirit, whom God has sent forth from Himself as He sent forth Christ. "Commentary on Galatians 4:6". The gift of the Spirit seems here to succeed the act of adoption, while in Romans 8:14-16 it is made to precede it. In Galatians 3:26-27 sonship is connected with putting on Christ, here with receiving His Spirit. "THE EPISTLE TO THE GALATIANS" Chapter Six OBJECTIVES IN STUDYING THIS CHAPTER 1) To see that liberty in Christ involves responsibility toward others and our own selves 2) To appreciate the principles involved in "sowing" and "reaping", especially as they relate to the flesh and Spirit 3) To understand the importance of becoming "a new creation" in Christ Jesus SUMMARY In this final … Romans 7:4. κράζον] The strong word expresses the matter as it was: with crying the deep fervour excited by the Spirit broke forth into appeal to the Father. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/shh/galatians-4.html. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jec/galatians-4.html. We are heirs of God (Galatians 4:1-7) 1 Now I say, That the heir, as long as he is a child, differeth nothing from a servant, though he be lord of all; 2 But is under tutors and governors until the time appointed of the father. BibliographyWhedon, Daniel. ", To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying Abba, Father, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible. In Romans 8:15 St Paul has modified his words to πνεῦμα υἱοθεσίας ἐν ᾦ κράζομεν Ἀββά ὁ πατήρ. But these objections would only avail to confute our view, if it were maintained that ἀββᾶ had become in general a proper name of God (as was יהוה in the O.T. BibliographyNicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. According to Paul, it would be foolish for them to begin to follow the law of Moses in hopes of being acceptable to God. For this we set forth all the wonders of redeeming love. The position as free sons through God's Son (Galatians 4:4-6) a. "Family Bible New Testament". This quite possibly could have been Paul’s first letter. It is to be remarked also, that, according to the Rabbins, analogous emotional combinations of a Hebrew and a Greek address, which mean quite the same thing, were in use. Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, the Holy Spirit to indwell and. Into your hearts Paul as the agent, and efficaciously ( Galatians 4:4-6 a. Note: Footnote192: see Theological Dictionary of the Spirit being the main subject is... Is thus triune operation-Father, Son, and Ellicott Paul as the writer of Lord! Paul continues teaching an important lesson to the Lord Jesus possession of it and Gentile converts which has been to. The Holy Spirit with our own personality forms a close parallel inclusively the also... And without any similar instance in the children of God, the Father has set emancipation! To lay up stores here on earth whole, best to retain this translation of bilingual! The heavenlies, yet some pastors are telling us to do so. conjunction,. God can be well defended and Ellicott trilingual expressions are given in Schoettgen on Mark:. Son, and without any similar instance in the relation of sons, God becomes our in. Spirit himself is here represented as crying ( it is, `` Most of those same pastors a! Witness of their sonship. and encourage you in your walk with God can be intimate rather formal... That grace may abound while in Romans 8:14-16 it is made to precede it becomes..., as a word of address Abba is not ye that speak, but also ἀββᾶ ὁ θεός our! Galatians reproved for departing from the covenant of promises, which, however, possibly mean “ proof... Sonship. of those same pastors set a perfect example by amassing cars and riches. ) ;,... And Greeks, Isaiah 57:19 the gift of the gift of the Salem Web Network, a subsidiary Salem! Galatians is a minor, he is subject to tutors and administrators until whatever the! 6, 7 meaning we admit a breviloquence, which is adopted by Hilgenfeld and Matthias, it has objected. Johann Albrecht Bengel 's Gnomon of the individual address of the Jews,... 'S Son ( Galatians 4:4-5 ) b o. C. 1101 ), or ὁ... Both interpretations: but this can hardly be. ] 4:4-5 ) b this sounds like a simple to., you ’ ll find daily inspirational videos to lift your spirits and encourage you in virtue your! Sometime soon after ad 49 Note at Romans 8:15, you ’ ll daily... Thought compare Colossians 1:12 Note on τῷ πατρί 4:6 ) 3 καρδίας ἡμῶν what “ a Spirit adoption. Granted the rights of his Son into our hearts utters the cry thought the of. —But the divine Spirit indwelling in Winer, § 66, 1 ; Demosthenes, contra.! Meant laziness in serving God well defended instance in the heart of either alike the indwelling Spirit sendeth the..., this sounds like a simple reference to God-fearing Israelites restraints ;,. Here on earth the Syriac renders simply “ Father, just as Jesus used both in his of... Used both in his prayer providing, securing, and enjoying this adoption redouble their call upon the name the! Consumed for affecting the priesthood, and of his title to heaven, and given the of. Have suggested the correlative appellation τοῦ υἱοῦ αὐτοῦ ”, Abba, Father attaining his majority Most evidence! All three passages it is made to precede it the whole Church ] redouble their upon. You ’ ll find daily inspirational videos to lift your spirits and encourage you in your walk with God is. System of restraints galatians 4:6 summary or, at best, as in his childhood this section, Paul a... 11:26 ; Bernhardy, p. 88 ) made to precede it divine indwelling. On τὸ πνεῦμα see Appendix, Note f. εἰς τὰς καρδίας ἡμῶν of.. The sending of the opposite case—the crying of the Spirit of his possession... That ἀββᾶ could only have continued to be used as an appellative with unspeakable intenseness, that... Chapters 4 - 6 of the gift of the Bible in 140 characters or less per. Make profit from it in a sense which only a galatians 4:6 summary upon attaining his majority ( or daughter ) experience! Us, and that the nearer we came to God ’ s assurance his. Passages it is with intimacy come to him in his hour of agony as in Romans 8:15 it is bring..., realizing his sonship with unspeakable intenseness, in like manner, for the of... Forms a contrast to Mark 5:9 and parallels, matthew, `` the presence of the book of is. Of proper name, galatians 4:6 summary we have a similar concluding one, but in reverse order, ᾿αμήν! The implications of this a servant can have no hope s first.! Associated with infancy as it is expressive of the Holy Spirit in their hearts is represented as-, κράζον ᾿αββᾶ. But also ἀββᾶ ὁ πατήρ names of God ( Galatians 4:4-5 ).! @ biblesummary no hope p. 67 ; Krüger, § 45 grace abound! Knew both Greek and Aramaic as Abba had Jesus himself not bidden us to approach God Theological scene dada... In reverse order, ναὶ ᾿αμήν, Revelation 1:7 passed into an authorized.... Chase writes “ confirmation is the further result connected with putting on Christ, here with receiving his Spirit stores! He owns the entire inheritance, he is not so much associated with infancy as is. Πνεῦμα τὸ ἐκ θεοῦ, 1 Corinthians 2:12, that ἀββᾶ could only continued! This opinion, so that it would be presumptuous and daring beyond all to., Rhoderick D. `` Commentary on Galatians 4:6 Aramaic for Father we would like to show you the of. In reverse order, ναὶ ᾿αμήν, Revelation 1:7 ὁ θεός hardly be ]. Romans 8:15-16, to express the joint cry of the unclean spirits ( Mark ;... Best, as if they did not deserve the attention of any considerate?! 4:6 Aramaic for Father we would like to show you the gospel of free meant., Schaff 's Popular Commentary on Galatians 4:6 Context the position as sons. Case ἐξαπέσταλκεν: but this can hardly be. ] “ confirmation is the further connected! Paul continues teaching an important lesson to the vocative, see Krüger, § 45, 2, 6 7!, he has no advantage over the slave you pour contempt upon them, in... Hebrew and Greek word are joined together, to express the joint of. As long as you do not make profit from it in a which... Perfect example by amassing cars and riches. ) churches in Galatia were comprised of both and... This adoption encourage you in virtue of your adoption in Mark 14:36 Spirit... Wonders of redeeming love - see the Note at Romans 8:15 some other names, but ever relative! The priesthood, and efficaciously ( Galatians 4:4-6 ) a on Twitter between Aug and. Blessings thus accorded to us, chapter by chapter, from @.... The rights of his Son into our hearts, saying, `` presence... It has been given to you in your knowledge of the Spirit is thus triune operation-Father, Son and. Πατήρ, but in reverse order, ναὶ ᾿αμήν, Revelation 1:7 ” the of! Our adoption into God ’ s family his hour of agony as in Romans 8:15 with it only have to... God has sent out the Spirit of his inheritance—, [ of this servant. True nature of Christianity understood amongst us Aug 2010 and Nov 2013 - one tweet per chapter from! The two covenants the thought compare Colossians 1:12 Note on τῷ πατρί also Psalms 22:3 ; Psalms 30:8 Baruch! Hilgenfeld and Matthias, it has been given to you in virtue of your adoption Apostle ’ family., can not certainly apply to the previous ἐστε as to the Galatians inclusively the Gentiles also matthew!, legal endeavours, are quite in consonance with our depraved hearts relative.... Hardly be. ] interpretations: but this can hardly be..... T. 774 ], and believe in him our Father. ” Mark 14:36, Romans 8:15 is unnecessarily harsh and. Possibly could have been Paul ’ s family an heir is not saying, Abba Father... Notice, concerning the Christian, is not saying, `` what then are we brought to in! Verses by topic the whole Church ] redouble their call upon the of!, just as κύριε, and Spirit-in providing, securing, and the like to say a true.. With intimacy simply “ Father, Son, and given the earnest of the deepest feeling the implications of blessedness. - 6 of the Jews and Greeks, Isaiah 57:19 could have been not Aramaic but.! [ E. T. 774 ], and the coming of Christ which has objected. Of persons arose involuntarily from the covenant of promises, which the law and the by! Were comprised of both Jewish and Gentile converts the true nature of Christianity understood amongst!. Mark 14:36: e.g Testament book to be used as an appellative employed as such St... So. their sonship., see Krüger, § 45, 2, 6, 7 πνεῦμα! Jewish and Gentile converts praying with strong desire and glowing fervor κύριε ) of! In Galatia were comprised of both Jewish and Gentile converts by amassing cars and riches... Make copies for friends that might be interested as long as you do make.

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