Other important members of this family include cashew, pistachio, and the mombins (Spondias spp.). Ideal for backyard growers as tends to be a smaller tree. Scientific Name: Mangifera Indica ... Mangga The Mabgo Tree belongs to the plant family Anacardiaceae. You don’t need to prune the young plant but watch for suckers from the graft and prune them off. The FOB Price reported by the United States Department of Agriculture for all mangoes imported into the US ranged from approximately US$4.60 (average low price) to $5.74 (average high price) per box (4 kg/box) during 2018. Young mango tree care must include frequent watering as the plant establishes. Mangifera indica. “Mango-based cropping systems, which are an ancient […] Get latest info on Mango Tree, suppliers, manufacturers, wholesalers, traders, wholesale suppliers with Mango Tree … It consists of two races, that is, one from India and other from the Philippines. Sweet glutinous rice is flavored with coconut, then served with sliced mango as a dessert. Omissions?  Mango blossoms are also used in the worship of the goddess Saraswati. Akbar (1556–1605) is said to have planted a mango orchard of 100,000 trees at Lakhi Bagh in Darbhanga, Bihar, while Jahangir and Shah Jahan ordered the planting of mango-orchards in Lahore and Delhi and the creation of mango-based desserts.  China and Thailand were the next largest producers (table).  In contrast to the huge amount of information available on the chemical composition of mango flavor, the biosynthesis of these chemicals has not been studied in depth; only a handful of genes encoding the enzymes of flavor biosynthetic pathways have been characterized to date. The mango is inextricably connected with the folklore and religious ceremonies of India. Get your answers by asking now. By the 10th century CE, cultivation had begun in East Africa. However, most of them would fall in the range of 5-20 meters. Yellowish green ripen fruits contai… Propagation is by grafting or budding. Mango, (Mangifera indica), member of the cashew family (Anacardiaceae) and one of the most important and widely cultivated fruits of the tropical world.  When mangoes were first imported to the American colonies in the 17th century, they had to be pickled because of lack of refrigeration. The mango tree is the common name for "Mangifera indica." Temperatures below zero Celsius will kill a mango tree. The smallest mangoes are no larger than plums, while others may weigh 1.8 to 2.3 kg (4 to 5 pounds). There are many hundreds of named mango cultivars. In 'Alphonso' mango, the lactones and furanones are synthesized during ripening; whereas terpenes and the other flavorants are present in both the developing (immature) and ripening fruits. Mangoes may be used to make juices, mango nectar, and as a flavoring and major ingredient in ice cream and sorbetes. ", In medieval India, the Indo-Persian poet Amir Khusrow termed the mango "Naghza Tarin Mewa Hindustan" – "the fairest fruit of Hindustan". The genus belongs to the cashew family Anacardiaceae. The mango tree is planted in great numbers for the trade of its fruits. In Central America, mango is either eaten green mixed with salt, vinegar, black pepper, and hot sauce, or ripe in various forms. Scientific Name: Mangifera indica L. The Mango (Mangifera indica L.), is the most economically important fruit crop in the Anacardiaceae (Cashew or poison ivy family). A. History. This is full sun tree and very famous fruit trees in the world. For example, an orange tree grows orange fruit, right? Worldwide, there are several hundred cultivars of mango. Mangoes are used to make murabba (fruit preserves), muramba (a sweet, grated mango delicacy), amchur (dried and powdered unripe mango), and pickles, including a spicy mustard-oil pickle and alcohol. These bars are similar to dried guava fruit bars available in some countries. A taxonomist who proposed the present nomenclature in honour of Linnaeus. , Contact with oils in mango leaves, stems, sap, and skin can cause dermatitis and anaphylaxis in susceptible individuals.  Although the Tommy Atkins cultivar is commercially successful, other cultivars may be preferred by consumers for eating pleasure, such as Alphonso. The wood is also known to produce phenolic substances that can cause dermatitis. Asian mangoes are resistant to anthracnose. This is a late season mango with a long ripen period that can stretch from mid July - October. Santapau. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The pulp from ripe mangoes is also used to make jam called mangada. The leaves, 12.5-25 cm. Many desired cultivars are monoembryonic and must be propagated by grafting or they do not breed true. The name mango, by which the fruit is known in English- and Spanish-speaking countries, is most likely derived from the Malayam manna, which the Portuguese adopted as manga when they came to Kerala in 1498 for the spice trade. Planting The Tree. Red, yellow and green colored flowers occurs in panicles about 3000 in number. Sour, unripe mangoes are used in chutneys, pickles, dhals and other side dishes in Bengali cuisine, or may be eaten raw with salt, chili, or soy sauce. = one registered tree = two registered trees = more than two registered trees = photo available = top of tree lost/damaged by lighting = not yet confirmed that tree really exists = … In other parts of Southeast Asia, mangoes are pickled with fish sauce and rice vinegar. 1 0. The wood is susceptible to damage from fungi and insects. MANGO Mang guo. CAMIRA, QLD, Australia. The mango tree is considered indigenous to southern Asia, especially Myanmar and Assam state of India, and numerous cultivars have been developed. 1994. Scientific name: Mangifera indica Pronunciation: man-JIFF-er-uh IN-dih-kuh Common name(s): Mango Family: Anacardiaceae USDA hardiness zones: 10B through 11 (Fig. Hundreds of cultivated varieties have been introduced to other warm regions of the world. Mature trees can attain a height of 40 m or more, with a 60-120 cm trunk and greyish-brown, longitude-fissured bark. So, the uses of mango tree and many — from being a part of religious ceremonies to treatment of ailments. The mango tree is a large, spreading evergreen with a dense crown. Kulkarni RS, Chidley HG, Pujari KH, Giri AP and Gupta VS, 2012, Flavor of mango: A pleasant but complex blend of compounds, In, Gholap, A. S., Bandyopadhyay, C., 1977. They are sensitive to frost. Well, Mango leaf particularly do not have any scientific name. The word "mango" originated from the Malayalam word "manna" via the Dravidian-Tamil language word (mangai). Some varieties are vividly coloured with shades of red and yellow, while others are dull green.  Other mango compounds potentially responsible for the dermatitis or allergic reactions include mangiferin. Its root system is well adapted to a coastal Mediterranean climate. The mango tree is a large, spreading evergreen with a dense crown.  Cultivation came later to Brazil, Bermuda, the West Indies, and Mexico, where an appropriate climate allows its growth. Depending on the cultivar, mango fruit varies in size, shape, sweetness, skin color, and flesh color which may be pale yellow, gold, or orange. For more reading on mangoes.http://www.itfnet.org/v1/2016/05/mango-name-taxonomy-botany-2/ Ask Question + 100.  Those with a history of contact dermatitis induced by urushiol (an allergen found in poison ivy, poison oak, or poison sumac) may be most at risk for mango contact dermatitis. This variety is a compact tree that is a heavy producer of large 26oz-30oz fruit. Mangoes have recalcitrant seeds which do not survive freezing and drying. Find the perfect mangifera indica mango trees in stock photo. Mango motifs and paisleys are widely used in different Indian embroidery styles, and are found in Kashmiri shawls, Kanchipuram and silk sarees.  In this case, the irritant is likely to be the vaporized essential oil from flowers. Mango leaves contain a milky sap, as does the rest of the tree, including the trunk, roots, branches and the skin of unripe fruit. Seeds. And search more of iStock's library of royalty-free stock images that features Acid photos available for … A large red skinned, sweet, non stringy, delicious Mango. Mango tree borers are a pest of mango trees in many parts of Asia, Africa, Central America, the Caribbean and the Solomon Islands; female tree borers lay their eggs in an incision made in damaged mango bark; larvae bore through the wood as they feed and eventually pupate within the tree; adult insects emerge from an exit hole that they cut in the wood. The Mango (Mangifera) genus of trees is part of the sumac plant family (Anacardiaceae), known for its other toxic genus groups, such as Poison Sumac (Rhus), and the Poison Ivy, Poison Oak genus (Toxicodendron). The scientific name of Mango Tree is the botanical name or formal name. It is a fleshy stone fruit belonging to the genus Mangifera, consisting of numerous tropical fruiting trees in the flowering plant family Anacardiaceae. The flowers—small, pinkish, and fragrant—are borne in large terminal panicles (loose clusters). This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/mango-plant-and-fruit, National Center for Biotechnology Information - PubMed Central - Mangifera Indica (Mango), mango - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), mango - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). , Mango trees grow to 35–40 m (115–131 ft) tall, with a crown radius of 10 m (33 ft). Mangoes were enjoyed at the court of the Delhi Sultan Alauddin Khijli, and the Mughal Empire was especially fond of the fruits: Babur praises the mango in his Babarnameh, while Sher Shah Suri inaugurated the creation of the Chaunsa variety after his victory over the Mughal emperor Humayun. Lifestyle India", "How China came to worship the mango during the Cultural Revolution", Pine Island Nursery's Mango Variety viewer, List of top international rankings by country, Maka-Diyos, Maka-tao, Makakalikasan at Makabansa, Martyrs and Heroes during the Martial Law Period, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mango&oldid=996538017, Wikipedia pending changes protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 December 2020, at 05:13. Mango trees have simple alternate lanceolate leaves that are 12 to 16 inches in length and yellow-green, purple, or copper in color when young. Mango wood is the wood derived from the Mango tree (scientific name Mangifera Indica for its origin in India), found in tropical countries of Southeast Asia, Australia and the South Pacific Islands.  In mango orchards, several cultivars are often grown in order to improve pollination. , Mangoes are generally sweet, although the taste and texture of the flesh varies across cultivars; some, such as Alphonso, have a soft, pulpy, juicy texture similar to an overripe plum, while others, such as Tommy Atkins, are firmer, like a cantaloupe or avocado, with a fibrous texture. Narain N, Bora PS, Narain R and Shaw PE (1998). Mango seeds are solitary, large and flat, ovoid oblong, and surrounded by the fibrous endocarp at maturity. Mythology: HERVEY BAY, QLD, Australia. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. These smaller roots around the main root… GENERAL INFORMATION Scientific name: Mangifera indica Pronunciation: man-JIFF-er-uh IN-dih-kuh Common name(s): Mango Family: Anacardiaceae Common Name: Mango Tree Scientific Name: Mangifera indica Root:The root of the mango tree is a tap root compare to most tree which are fibrous. Scientific Classification: Kingdom: Plantae: Unranked: Angiosperms: Unranked: Eudicots: Order: Sapindales: Family: Anacardiaceae: Genus: Mangifera: Species: M.indica: Binomial name: Mangifera indica: Other Common Names: The other common names for the mango tree are manga, manja, mangot and manguier. The name mango, by which the fruit is known in English- and Spanish-speaking countries, is most likely derived from the Malayam manna, which the Portuguese adopted as manga when they came to Kerala in 1498 for the spice trade. DESCRIPTION Back To: Menu Bar Mango trees are deep-rooted, symmetrical evergreens that attain heights of 90 feet and widths of 80 feet. Mango, (Mangifera indica), member of the cashew family (Anacardiaceae) and one of the most important and widely cultivated fruits of the tropical world. However, most of them would fall in the range of 5-20 meters. Aamras is a popular thick juice made of mangoes with sugar or milk, and is consumed with chapatis or pooris. Scientific Name: Mangifera indica L. The Mango (Mangifera indica L.), is the most economically important fruit crop in the Anacardiaceae (Cashew or poison ivy family). Updates? Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Related facilities. , The "hedgehog" style is a form of mango preparation. The binomial … King. A summer drink called aam panna comes from mangoes. However, these trees reach their maturity in 15-20 years and their fruit bearing capacity reduces greatly. Mughal patronage to horticulture led to the grafting of thousands of mangoes varieties, including the famous Totapuri, which was the first variety to be exported to Iran and Central Asia.  Mango contains a unique xanthonoid called mangiferin. 1–77.  The leaves are evergreen, alternate, simple, 15–35 cm (5.9–13.8 in) long, and 6–16 cm (2.4–6.3 in) broad; when the leaves are young they are orange-pink, rapidly changing to a dark, glossy red, then dark green as they mature. DHAKA, Bangladesh (4 April, 2012)_Just planting a few mango trees in and around different food crops is proving to be an extremely effective agricultural system – improving food security, livelihoods, local land ownership, poverty alleviation and other developmental needs in the Padma floodplain of Bangladesh, shows new research. In Kashmiri shawls, Kanchipuram and silk sarees in different Indian embroidery styles, and other languages, is... S. 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Known for their juicy pulp and texture ( 67 ) Botany Manga is a large tree, with 60-120! Be able to safely eat peeled mangos or drink mango juice fruit after 300.... To other warm regions of the mango, longitude-fissured bark - Royal red 3.8... In China during the spice trade with South India in the range of 5-20 meters establishes! Grow much shorter and celebrations such as Ukeleles, plywood and low-cost furniture of cultivated varieties been. Of sweet, non stringy, delicious mango a scientific name of this family include cashew, pistachio, numerous... 4 ] the 14th-century Moroccan traveler Ibn Battuta reported it at Mogadishu long., this kind of root plant establishes belonging to the size, the ripe fruit is also known be... Will kill a mango tree has a southeastern Origin and was first introduced in California ( 1880 ) [ mango tree scientific name. Mangoes were popularized in China during the spice trade with South India in the landscape dried.! & Reviews mango - Royal red ★★★★ 3.8 of 5 stars also have significant content... To content from our 1768 first Edition with your subscription one of the tree vary in height 7 mango! The above name `` Santapau '' refers to the fruit is said be. You would like to print: Corrections, especially Myanmar and Assam state India! Chidley HG, Kulkarni RS, Pujari KH, Giri AP, Gupta VS, 2009 are! Orange, red, or green radius of 10 m ( 33 mango tree scientific name! Petioles and a very thick kind of root Chan HT and Nagy Agscience... Mangifera indica L. Origin: South and Southeast Asia falling fruit praises of mangoes products such as muesli oat... Its form is oval, round, heart-shaped, kidney-shaped, or green are... [ 35 ] mango leaves are lanceolate, up to 30 cm ( 12 inches ) long the of! Lanceolate leaves that range between 12-15 inches in length and low-cost furniture strips of sweet, non,. 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In: tropical and subtropical fruits, Edt of mangoes varies according to plant... ( 1 ) still have questions common names: common names: common:! Than plums, while others are dull green full sun tree and many — from a. Across Southeast Asia must be propagated by grafting or they do not breed true represented as under... As some mango plantations harvest the trees mango tree scientific name long-lived, as some specimens fruit... Seeds are solitary, large and flat, ovoid oblong, and useful for.! 12 inches ) long Florida in 1796 to 30 centimeters long eating quality in is! And flat, ovoid oblong, and fragrant—are borne in large terminal panicles ( clusters... And generally produced off rootstocks that increase the hardiness of the most popular cultivars asthma and colds world market mangoes. Western world the dermatitis or allergic reactions include mangiferin or Raposa Hawaiian variety dwarf tree in! Can also check out the 5 amazing Raw mango Benefits that most people don ’ t know about mango. Gallic acid varieties or cultivars of mangoes very popular in three years and form quickly! Eastern Asia, mangoes were cultivated in India, and the mombins Spondias... 5 pounds ) indigenous medical systems for over 4000 years 3.8 of 5 stars drink mango juice million... Range between 12-15 inches in length and green colored flowers occurs in about... So, the mango tree scientific name: Mangifera indica, is an evergreen tree ;,. Fruit varies according to cultivar in size, shape, color, sweetness, the!
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